Levels of Editing

I offer various levels of editing, including proofreading, copy editing, substantive editing, and formatting, each with their own hourly rate. See the descriptions below for a better idea of what each level of edit entails.

Levels of Editing

Proofreading is best for manuscripts that have already undergone heavier editing. In this final stage, the editor’s job is to ensure that the document contains no blatant errors or inconsistencies that may have been overlooked during earlier edits. This is the final port of call before submission/publication. Proofreading usually takes 8-10 (or more) pages/hour, depending on your project.

A copy edit is an intensive edit of a manuscript, in which the attention of the editor is focused on grammatical issues, spelling errors, unclear language, inconsistencies, and overall quality of writing. A good copy edit can take anywhere from 3-7 pages/hour, depending on your project.

A substantive edit is for authors who want to improve the overall structure of a manuscript. This level of edit includes a thorough copy edit, along with special attention to the “big picture” elements–that is, the order of paragraphs, sections, and chapters. Many times, the editor will move around large chunks of text, and insert prompts where more content is needed to maintain the overall flow of the work. A good substantive edit can take anywhere from 1-3 pages/hour, depending on your project.

Formatting services can be combined with any of the above editing services to ensure that your document is not only clear and error-free, but also properly presented. For graduate theses and dissertations, all formatting is done in accordance with your institution’s own guidelines. The time allotted for formatting depends heavily on your project, and can be established before editing begins.